Grantha – 10 – Vowel-less Consonants

namo_jinaya_grantha

namo_jinaya_grantha

| ॐ नमो जिनाय । ஓம்ʼ நமோ ஜிநாய |

 


buddha_standing_varada_abhaya

jina_quote_grantha 
अस्तिनास्ति विनिर्मुक्तम् आत्म्यनैरात्म्य वर्जितं
प्रकृत्या जातिनिर्देशं धर्मचक्रम् इहोच्यते
அஸ்திநாஸ்தி விநிர்முக்தம் ஆத்ம்யநைராத்ம்ய வர்ஜிதம்ʼ
ப்ரக்ருʼத்யா ஜாதிநிர்தே³ஸ²ம்ʼ த⁴ர்மசக்ரம் இஹோச்யதே
Free from being and non-being, without Self or non-Self
The Dharma-Wheel is said to be the explanation of Nature and of birth

 
In the last lesson, we had covered all the Vowel signs, in this lesson we would be seeing the special vowel less forms.
 
In Lesson 8, I had commented that there are special vowel less forms along with the Virāma based ones. We would be seeing those forms in detail in this lesson. So as such, this would be a very short lesson.
 
Usually in Grantha, when /t/, /m/ and /n/ appear as pure consonants at the end of words, they take special forms as show below.
 

t த் त्

t_viramalig_grantha_corrected
 

n ந் न्

n_viramlig_grantha

 

m ம் म्

m_viramlig_grantha

 

These are special forms that are more often seen in Grantha.

 

The special vowel less forms of these consonants nga_grantha ங ङ & tta_grantha ட ट   । ng_viramlig_grantha  ங் ङ् & tt_viramlig_grantha ட் ट्  is also be seen rarely.

 

The other consonants have also forms like this, which can be found in Manuscripts. But they are not found in any printings. These forms would suffice for an average Grantha user.

 

However, the forms with the Virama are equally valid as well.  Thus,

 

m_virama_various_forms

 

They above all are just 3 different ways to write the same Vowel less consonant m ம் म् . The last one being the usual convention followed, they former two are also equally valid forms.

 
Some words with these forms
 
viramlig_words_grantha
 
 I suppose, people must be able to read the above words by now 🙂
 
This lesson ends with this. The next lesson would be a summary of all the Vowel Signs that have been covered.

Download this Lesson as PDF


dharamo_rakshati_corrected_grantha


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