Grantha – 14 – Conjuncts III

namo_vinayakaya

namo_vinayakaya

| ॐ  नमो विनायकाय | ஓம்ʼ நமோ விநாயகாய |

 


B-44medicinebuddha

vinayaka_quote_grantha 
नष्टमार्गा हि ये सत्त्वा मार्गं देशेमि उत्तमं
नयामि पारिमं तीरं तस्माद् अस्मि विनायकः
நஷ்டமார்கா³ ஹி யே ஸத்த்வா மார்க³ம்ʼ தே³ஸே²மி உத்தமம்ʼ
நயாமி பாரிமம்ʼ தீரம்ʼ தஸ்மாத்³ அஸ்மி விநாயக​:
To those beings who have lost their way I point out the Path supreme
And lead them to the farther shore, therefore I am Vinayaka

  
We had seen in the detail the Combining & Stacking Saṃyuktākṣara-s in the last series. Now, we will seeing the Conjunct forms of -y- and -r- as they deserve separate discussion.
 

-r- Conjunct

Post-Consonantal Form

Unlike other Consonants, when -r- occurs as the final part of the consonantal cluster i.e in the post consonantal position, it morphs itself  into a special character.
  

pra ப்ர प्र

pra_grantha

gra க்³ர ग्र

gra_grantha

 

In Some cases, -r- conjunct may fuse with the /ta/ and /sha/ to form the Samyuktakshara. 

 

śra ஸ்²ர श्र

shra_grantha

Our own Tamil Sri  /sri_tamil/ is derived from this /shra/. However, sometimes the disjoint form shra_disjoint_grantha is also seen in print.

 

tra த்ர त्र

tra_grantha

 

For /tra/, the usual disjoint conjunct form tra_disjoint_grantha   is more usual in print. 

 

Pre-Consonantal Form

-r- has also has a special form, when -r- appears in the first consonant of the cluster.  It takes a position next to the Consonant.

 

rjha ர்ஜ² र्झ

rjha_grantha

rgha ர்க⁴ र्घ

rgha_grantha

 

-y- Conjunct

Similar to -r- , -y- has also a special form when appearing in the post consonantal position of a cluster.
 
tya த்ய त्य
 
tya_grantha
 
ḍhya ட்⁴ய ढ्य
 
ddhya_grantha
 
When /ya/ occurs as the first consonant of the cluster, the cluster behavior is normal as usual. (ய் ̐ய य्ँय y̐y is an exception, we’ll come to that later)
 
yka ய்க य्क
yka_grantha
 

Vowel Signs

Similar to other Samyukaksharas, -r-, -y- also act like a Single unit with all Vowel Signs except  /i/ and /ii/

 

ry_conjunct_grantha_exii_corrected

 

With /i/ and /ii/, the Vowel Sign is placed on top of the Consonant, rather than the -r-, -y- Conjunct sign.

 

ry_conjunct_grantha_ii_corrected

 

This covers the basics of Samyuktakshara formation in Grantha.  

People must now be able to read the name of the Lipi itself.


grantha_lipi_grantha

grantha lipi | க்³ரந்த² லிபி | ग्रन्थ लिपि

 

We’ll see some more complex conjunct formation further in the series.  Another 5 more Lessons and this series should be over 🙂

 

dharamo_rakshati_corrected_grantha


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *