Grantha – 5 – Consonants ta – pa

namo_tathagataya_grantha

namo_tathagataya_grantha

| ॐ नमस्तथागताय । ஓம்ʼ நமஸ்ததா²க³​தாய |

 


buddha_reclining2

buddha5_quote2_grantha
यो धर्मं पश्यति स बुद्धं पश्यति
யோ த⁴ர்மம்ʼ பஸ்²யதி ஸ பு³த்³த⁴ம்ʼ பஸ்²யதி
Whoever sees the Dharma, sees the Buddha


 

As of now, in the consonant series, we had covered, three Vargas – ka_grantha Varga, ca_grantha Varga & tta_grantha Varga.  We will be seeing another two Vargas with the Ayogavāha – Upadhmānīya. 

 

ta-varga

The ta-varga is known as dantya दन्त्य த³ந்த்ய dantya_grantha i.e Dental 

 

 ta த त 

ta_grantha

 

tha த² थ 

tha_grantha
 
da த³ द

da_grantha

 

dha த⁴ ध

dha_grantha 

 

na ந न

 

na_grantha

 

pa-varga

The pa-varga is known as oṣṭhya ओष्ठ्य ஓஷ்ட்²ய oshthya_grantha i.e Labial

 

pa ப प

pa_grantha

 

pha ப² फ

pha_grantha

 

ba ப³ ब

ba_grantha

 

bha ப⁴ भ

bha_grantha

 

ma ம म

ma_grantha

 

Upadhmānīya


In Lesson 3, we had discussed about Jihvāmūlīya (and Ardha Visarga). To recollect: When the Visarga appears before ka_grantha & kha_grantha it becomes Jihvāmūlīya, which is symbolically shown as a Ardha-Visarga ardha_visarga_grantha.

 

In a similar way, when the Visarga appears before pa_grantha pa ப प & pha_grantha pha ப² फ , it transforms into Upadhmānīya. In Phonetics, the sound is named as “Voiceless Bilabial Fricative”

 

upadhmaniya_grantha

 

Here too, the Upadhmaniya, is symbolically shown by the Ardha-Visarga.

 

The sound sample can be heard here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Voiceless_bilabial_fricative.ogg

 

Pronunciation

A small note on the pronunciation of the letter pha_grantha pha ப² फ. Some seem to erroneously pronounce it like /f/. However, being a Mahā-Prāṇa Equivalent of pa_grantha, it is to be pronounced as pʰa [p<h>a ] with a puff of air, like all Mahāprāṇa-s.

Indian Languages, lack a specific symbol for the /f/ sound.  Those scripts with the Nukta nukta_grantha place the Nukta on pha to create a new letter for /f/. Those without nukta , just utilize this Mahāprāṇa letter to denote the /f/.

 

Same Letters as in Tamil

ta_grantha      na_grantha

 

Thats all folks ! (Don’t expect Daffy Duck or Bugs Bunny to pop up 🙂 )

 

The next lesson would be covering all the left over consonants. (Semi-Vowels, Sibilants & Aspirate)

 

Download this Lesson as PDF


dharamo_rakshati_corrected_grantha


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *