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The Virāma, [ the Grantha Equivalent of the Tamil Puḷḷi புள்ளி पुळ्ळि (Dot) ் ] is used to denote the pure consonant. It is placed to the top of consonant, it is similar to the Telugu Virāma sign. ( ్ )
Pure consonant gh : घ् : க்⁴
The Virāma Sign may also be placed next to the Consonant , instead of the placing it in the on the top .
Apart from these, there are special forms to denote the Vowelless consonants, which will be dealt later
Like all Indic scripts, is inherent in the consonant. it has not have any specific sign associated with it
-ā ா ा
The -ā Vowel sign is placed next to the consonant :: சா चा cā
-i ி ि
-i Vowel sign is placed at the top of the Consonant, also extending to left of the consonant :: லி लि li
-ī ீ ी
-ī Vowel sign is placed at the top of the Consonant :: தீ³ दी dī
-u ு ु
-u Vowel sign is placed to the left of the Consonant. Unlike Tamil -u, in Modern printed grantha -u doesn’t ligate with the preceding consonant. However, in the Medieval/Manuscript Grantha, -u is found ligated with the consonants :: ஸு सु su
-ū ூ ू
Similar to – u, -ū is also placed next to the consonant. Though unligated in the Modern form, it is found ligated in the Medieval variant :: ஜு जु ju
-ṛ ்ருʼ ृ
-ṛ Vowel sign is placed to the left of the consonant. As like -u/ū it was ligated in Medieval/Manuscript grantha, but is unligated in the Modern printed Grantha :: ப்⁴ருʼ भृ bhṛ
-ṝ ்ரூʼ ॄ
-ṝ Vowel sign is placed to the left of the consonant :: க்³ரூʼ गॄ gṝ
-ḷ ்லுʼ ॢ
-ḷ Vowel sign is simply placed next to the consonant. It doesn’t have special vowel sign :: க்லுʼ कॢ kḷ
Very rarely, the Vowel is also placed below the consonant .
-ḹ ்லூʼ ॣ
-ḹ Vowel sign is placed next to the consonant :: க்லூʼ कॣ kḹ
It can also have below-consonant form like -ḷ
ṭa ட ट
has special forms with Virama, /i/ and /ii/ Vowel signs respectively. Similar to Tamil, where special forms such டி டீ exist for ட.
The remaining vowels & Ayogavāhas will be covered in the following lesson.
BTW Wish you all a prosperous and happy New Year 2011 🙂
nūtana saṁvatsarasya śubhāśayāḥ | नूतन संवत्सरस्य शुभाशयाः | நூதந ஸம்ʼவத்ஸரஸ்ய ஸு²பா⁴ஸ²யா: