| ॐ नमः सर्वज्ञाय । ஓம்ʼ நம: ஸர்வஜ்ஞாய |
|| अकारो मुखः सर्वधर्माणां आद्यनुत्पन्नत्वात् ||
|| அகாரோ முக²: ஸர்வத⁴ர்மாணாம்ʼ ஆத்³யநுத்பந்நத்வாத் ||
|| ‘a‘ is the door to all Dharmas, for they are all originally unproduced ||
Vijayadashami is usually a very special day to start, any related to Vidya. It is very auspicious to start Akshara Abhyasa [अक्षर अभ्यास அக்ஷர அப்⁴யாஸ ] at this day. Traditionally, Children are made to write the letter “அ अ“, and start their education.
So, in this auspicious day of Vijayadashami, lets start our lessons on Grantha Lipi. 🙂
We’ll start our lesson with the Vowels a.k.a Svara-s. [ स्वरा: ஸ்வரா: – ஸ்வரங்கள் ]
Sanskrit has 14 Svara-s and 2 Ubhayākṣara-s [உப⁴யாக்ஷர उभयाक्षर ] that go along with the Svara-s.
The 14 Svara-s in order are:
a அ अ
ā ஆ आ
i இ इ
ī ஈ ई
u உ उ
ū ஊ ऊ
ருʼ ṛ ऋ
ரூʼ ṝ ॠ
லுʼ ḷ ऌ
லூʼ ḹ ॡ
e ஏ ए
ai ஐ ऐ
o ஓ ओ
au ஔ औ
As you would have noted, some letters are same as that in Tamil and some are similar to that of Tamil. Lets sum up the similar letters:
Same letters as in Tamil:
Letters similar to that in Tamil:
Therefore, you would need to remember, only the following distinct forms.
The other letters are only used very rarely, learn them at your own pace 🙂
Pronunciation of Letters
I want to specifically write about the pronunciation of the following 4 letters. The other letters have the same pronunciation as in Tamil.
– Must be pronounced similar to the ‘ரு’ in கி’ரு’ஷ்ணன்.
Approximately, it has a pronunciation between /ri/ and /ru/
– It is the longer counterpart of the above letter.
– Similar to the pronunciation of , but with an /l/ sound instead of /r/.
It is highly erroneous to pronounce it as /lri/ as some people do.
– The longer variant of the above letter
I end the lesson with this. Next week, we can see about the Ubhayākṣara-s in detail.
Wouldn’t it be fair, to end the lesson without home work :-P. Try identifying the Akshara-s in the below jumbled text.